Sorting Nexin 10 Mediates Metabolic Reprogramming of Macrophages in Atherosclerosis Through the Lyn-dependent TFEB Signaling Pathway
Rationale: Sorting Nexin 10 (SNX10) has been reported to play a critical role in regulating macrophage function and lipid metabolism.
Objective: To investigate the precise role of SNX10 in atherosclerotic diseases and the underlying mechanisms.
Methods and Results: SNX10 expression was compared between human healthy vessels and carotid atherosclerotic plaques. Myeloid cell-specific SNX10 knockdown mice were crossed onto the APOE-/- background and atherogenesis (high cholesterol diet-induced) was monitored for 16 weeks. We found that SNX10 expression was increased in atherosclerotic lesions of aortic specimens from humans and APOE-/- mice. Myeloid cell-specific SNX10 deficiency (ΔKO) attenuated atherosclerosis progression in APOE-/- mice. The population of anti-inflammatory monocytes/macrophages was increased in the peripheral blood and atherosclerotic lesions of ΔKO mice. In vitro experiments showed that SNX10 deficiency inhibited foam cell formation through interrupting the internalization of CD36, which requires the interaction of SNX10 and Lyn-AKT. The reduced Lyn-AKT activation by SNX10 deficiency promoted the nuclear translocation of TFEB, thereby enhanced lysosomal biogenesis and LAL activity, resulting in an increase of free fatty acids to fuel mitochondrial fatty acid oxidation. This further promoted the reprogramming of macrophages and shifted toward the anti-inflammatory phenotype.
Conclusions: Our data demonstrate for the first time that SNX10 plays a crucial role in diet-induced atherogenesis via the previously unknown link between the Lyn-Akt-TFEB signaling pathway and macrophage reprogramming, suggest that SNX10 may be a potentially promising therapeutic target for atherosclerosis treatment.